Tuesday, December 31, 2019

Health Care Reform Losing More Than You Think Essay

President Obama has made healthcare reform a priority since the beginning of his presidency. Obama wants to implement a system similar to Medicare. As defined by Dictionary.com Medicare is: â€Å"a U.S. government program of hospitalization insurance and voluntary medical insurance for persons aged 65 and over and for certain disabled persons under 65†. This government based health insurance would still allow private insurance companies to stay in business. Another way Obama wants to change the health insurance companies is to expand coverage and improve the care given. What this means is people with cancer could possibly get health insurance in a case where no one else would cover them. This will also help to lower insurance plan costs.†¦show more content†¦Most likely these results would further become mandates, which would extend to private insurance plans, resulting in further rationing of the nation’s medical care. As stated by Tanner in USA Today Magazin e, â€Å"We should be moving away from an employment-based system toward one where workers have personal and portable insurance that is not linked to their employers preference or their employment status. Therefore, an employer mandate actually would represent a step backwards in terms of a more effective and compassionate health policy† (4). Private insurance companies would be required to comply with government regulations, which would include a requirement to insure all applicants regardless of risk. Additionally the government would place a control on pricing premiums because of risk, resulting in the possible demise of the private insurance company. In summarizing the various proposals outlines and statements, Tanner states that, â€Å"It initially would not create a government-run, singlepayer system such as in Canada or Britain. Private insurance still would exist, at least for a time, but it would be reduced to little more than a public utility, operating much like, for example, the electric company, with the government regulating and controlling every aspect of its operation† (3). Private insurance would be offered as a choice, but in reality would just be a separateShow MoreRelatedObamacare : The Affordable Health Care Act1193 Words   |  5 PagesObamacare Health Care Monstrosity With every new election comes new legislature the 2008 election had to deal with the hot new topic the Affordable Health Care Act (ACA). Then when Barack Obama was elected into office, he wanted it to be changed to Obamacare. Obamacare and the ACA is relatively the same thing. It is referred to as Obamacare because he is the one who signed for it to be passed. Due to the stress that Obamacare has put on the elderly, state businesses and small local business’s think thatRead MoreThe Affordable Care Act Is The Us Healthcare Reform Law1393 Words   |  6 PagesWhat is Obamacare? The affordable Care Act is the US healthcare reform law. The law makes health care and health insurance more affordable and move available to more Americans the official name is the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 210, but is mostly referred to as Obamacare. This law was signed on March 23, 2010. Originally the ACA was enacted to increase the quality and affordable of health insurance, lower the uninsured rate by expanding public and private insurance coverage, andRead MoreThe Affordable Care Act Is The Us Healthcare Reform Law1389 Words   |  6 PagesWhat is Obamacare? The affordable Care Act is the US healthcare reform law. The law makes healthcare and health insurance more affordable and move available to more Americans the official name is the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 210, but is mostly referred to as Obamacare. This law was signed on March 23, 2010. Originally the ACA was enacted to increase the quality and affordable of health insurance, lower the uninsured rate by expanding public and private insurance coverage, andRead MorePresident Barak Obama1298 Words   |  5 PagesAffordable Care Act, a health reform law enacted in March of 2010. With many flaws evident in the roll out of the Affordable Care Act, we can now question should the President and Congress repeal it and start over from scratch, as many GOP members and critics have suggested; or should all parties attempt to fix the evident flaws through bi-partisan negotiation and action Many Americans are uncertain about what exactly the Affordable Care Act is. The Affordable Care Act is the nation’s latest health careRead MorePrison Overcrowding And Its Effects On The United States Essay1605 Words   |  7 Pagesshows more than two-million adults are incarcerated in US federal and state prisons. There are many reasons that prisons are becoming overpopulated but not such a certain cause. To fix the problem, attention must be brought towards the causes of this problem. Its happen to become a serious issue because it affects the prisoners, tax payers, prison staff and millions of others living in the U.S. as well. To put a stop to this continuous problem, action must take place to start prison reform and toRead MoreUniversal Health Care1668 Words   |  7 Pagesimagine life without health care. Health care today has become a serious issues, and concern because the vast medical costs. The private insurances company denying treatment bills and these have become the concern of the government of United State. The Government has been trying to reform the health care by introducing a universal health care system. A system whereby a basic health needs, can be given to people without denying and pay the cost. But their some groups that think the system is not theRead MoreThe Faults in The Affordable Care Act Essays1018 Words   |  5 Pagesof today’s arguments within the American government have to do with health care. The Affordable Care Act, commonly known as Obamacare or The ACA, has been effective since March 23, 2010. Most of Obamacare’s major provisions, such as mandated individual coverage, just took effect at the beginning of 2014. Democrats support the health care reform while a majority of republicans are entirely against it. On paper the health care reform looks good, but there are a lot of things that could potentially hurtRead MoreEssay on The Affordable Healthcare Act746 Words   |  3 Pagesas Obama-care. Obama care it self is over twenty thousand pages long, and it may add six point two trillion dollars to the nation’s deficits. This act was made to allow everyone the opportunity to have health insurance, specially people who can not afford insurance on their own. However, instead of helping people afford health insurance, it forces people to buy insurance that might not be affordable for them based on their income. It also makes employers pay for their employee’s health care. That expenseRead MoreEssay on Healthcare: for all or citizens only?1465 Words   |  6 Pageshospital. Not only are they in fear of losing their life but also in fear of being in debt due to the prices of health care treatment they need. But what if this patient happens to be an illegal immigrant? Should doctors deny him/her because they lack citizenship? Or should illegal immigrants be treated just like any other patients by having a right to health care? Throughout the past decade restrictions on eligibility for taxpayer-subsidized medical care has risen at both the state and nationalRead MoreEssay on Healthcare for Illegal Aliens1680 Words   |  7 Pagesonly are they in fear of losing their life but also in fear of being in debt due to the prices of health care treatment they need. But what if this patient happens to be an illegal alien? What if the patient has a foreign illness that needs to be cured so it does not spread? Is it morally correct to deny this person treatment because he or she lacks citizenship or a valid visa? Or should illegal aliens be treated just like any other patients by having a right to health care? Throughout the past

Monday, December 23, 2019

Censorship Of The Film Industry - 4043 Words

Restriction of expression in the film industry is in the form of censorship, which in the UK was set up in 1912 as the British Board of Film Censorship (BBFC) by the film industry as a self-regulatory body charging the film industry for the service. The local councils in the UK usually accepted these classifications. This is a view of the censorship laws and in particular the era of the ‘video nasty’ and how it slipped through the film censorship net. Looking back to the 1930’s, an early example of government censorship in entertainment was at the famous ‘Windmill’ theatre, which opened in London 1931 (Figure 1). In order to avoid closure, the newly appointed manger, Vivian Van Damm decided to incorporate nude females in the theatre performances. These were known as the ‘Windmill girls’ and were presented as ‘tableaux viviants’ (meaning living picture).. The ruling was that ‘if you move, it’s rude’ (Wik ipedia.) The performances evaded the censorship law in different ways; one was the fan dance, where the girls would dance nude while covering themselves with the fans but at the end of the performance would stand completely still and remove the fans. Another form of evasion was moving props while the girls stood motionless such as a still nude girl holding a spinning rope.. This idea of sidestepping censorship laws was something that would have a big influence on censorship of films in the future. Freaks (1932) created by Tod Browning was not received as well as hisShow MoreRelatedEssay on Censorship of Film and Television646 Words   |  3 PagesCensorship of Film and Television What is Censorship? It is the practice of officially examining books, movies, film, etc., and suppressing unacceptable parts. Censorship usually takes place based on religious, moral, or personal reasons. In Film, censorship has taken many turns and it is continuing to encounter many conflicts. Broadcasting organizations along with the FCC (Federal Communications Center) and the AFA (American Family Association) are supposedly doing everything in their power toRead More Censorship Essay examples939 Words   |  4 Pages Censorship Without the history of Censorship, what type of things would children be watching? Without the unique methods of Censorship, what kinds of films would be being released into the public? Throughout this essay I will be explaining the steps taken to achieve the level of Censorship, that we have now. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; In 1900-1950 every movie in the world was rated before being released. The government, of the country in which the movie was made always did this. In 1956Read MoreThe Need for Censorship in the Media Essay1650 Words   |  7 PagesThe Need for Censorship in the Media Censorship is the cuts and remakes of media mainly movies. Censorship is usually when obscene scenes and actions have been removed from a piece of media. Censorship has been around for a long time, censorship is supposed to protect us from the things which happen in media for example movies which contain horror, sex or violence. Censorship is said by the government to help us because it cuts out scenes which may mentally affectRead MoreFreedom of Expression is Ensured in India1473 Words   |  6 Pagesguidelines to be followed during certification of films. It comes under the National Film Development Corporation (NFDC) which in turn comes under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting. The censor board has to depend on the police to enforce its rulings. A film certification appellate tribunal is also in place to hear appeals against a ruling of the Censor Board. The NFDC is composed of the Directorate of Film festivals and the Film finance corporation. Former Chief Justice MRead MoreCensorship in the Media Essay1084 Words   |  5 Pagesthe term censorship have been changed and manipulated very much over the years. Television and movie ratings have become more lenient against violence and indiscretion because these things are now seen as entertainment. Is this appropriate for our youth? Should children be exposed to these images so early on? How does censorship in the media affect adolescents? Children are the future of our society and need to have some understanding of real world occurrences. Ultimately, censorship can onlyRead MoreEssay about Television Censorship1601 Words   |  7 Pages Television Censorship WHAT IS CENSORSHIP? quot;Censorship is the supervision and control of the information and ideas that are circulated among the people within a society. In modern times, censorship refers to the examination of books, periodicals, plays, films, television and radio programs, news reports, and other communication media for the purpose of altering or suppressing parts thought to be objectionable or offensive. The objectionable material may be considered immoral or obscene, hereticalRead MoreCensorship Of The United States1470 Words   |  6 PagesJeffrey Corpstein English 270 Research paper Censorship This paper will cover censorship in film with its main focus in the United States. It will cover the progress of film censorship and how it has varied throughout the country as well as state to state. The reader will discover how film censorship has changed with society and can be a resemblance of society at a certain point in time. Important cases and lawsuits will be covered as well, enabling the reader to understand why and how certain lawsRead MoreEssay On Screwball Comedy1034 Words   |  5 Pageswhile challenging the culture of censorship in United States? Milberg, Doris. The art of the screwball comedy: madcap entertainment from the 1930s to today. McFarland, 2013. Milberg’s book dives into the popular screwball comedy genre that arose in the 1930s. The first few chapters discuss the structure and major attributes of screwball comedies, highlighting the clever dialogue, battle of the sexes, and physical elements that harken back to slapstick comedy films. Popular tropes, such as ambitiousRead MoreCensorship Through Mccarthyism And Blacklisting In Hollywood1562 Words   |  7 PagesCensorship through McCarthyism and Blacklisting in Hollywood One s surroundings ultimately impact their thought process and decisions. In order to spread ideas, people often look to the media. However, individuals ideas can only spread as long as freedom of expression is present and the element of fear is not. When individuals do not have this freedom or they have a fear of sharing their opinions, they filter or censor their work. The idea of censorship is a prominent element of today’s societyRead MoreReal Monsters : Tackling The Beast Of Censorship1680 Words   |  7 PagesMONSTERS: Tackling the Beast of Censorship As a seven year old I stumbled across a trailer for a new horror movie. I can’t remember the title, and I can’t remember the story, but to this day when it’s late at night and the house is silent I can sometimes hear the click click click of the creature’s long nails on my window. The things you see as a child can stay with you, as the monster did with me, so it’s no surprise that there is a such controversy over the topic of censorship in the media. Ultimately

Sunday, December 15, 2019

Isolation in Frankenstein Free Essays

The Isolation of Victor Frankenstein Isolation and loneliness can do great injustices to the human brain. People are programed to function in cohabitation with others of their kind, to form relationships with them. So, when these relationships fail or seem to be absent from one’s life, the aloneness can ache. We will write a custom essay sample on Isolation in Frankenstein or any similar topic only for you Order Now In Frankenstein by Mary Shelley, the reader sees the developing isolation of Victor Frankenstein, which can be attributed to his personality and upbringing, as well as his unwavering obsession with his scientific success. Certain people seem to have something in their genetic make up which makes them more social than others. These people seem to interact with crowds at ease and, as the social butterflies within their peers, tend to avoid isolation. Victor Frankenstein is not one of these people. It is not necessarily a fault of Victor, but merely a reality. As he would explain, it simply â€Å"was my temper to avoid a crowd, and to attach myself fervently to a few (19). † This personality trait contributed to the increasing isolation Victor became subject to. The few he so fervently attached himself to exclusively included his own family and Clerval, all of whom stayed behind upon his departure to Ingolstadt. Victor explained, â€Å"I was indifferent†¦ to my schoolfellows in general (19). † So, once he was away at school, for the first time feeling the absence of his â€Å"familiar faces†, he felt alone and â€Å"totally unfitted for the company of strangers (25). † Victor’s struggle with his natural â€Å"repugnance to new countenances (25)† led to him feeling truly alone for the first time in his life. Ultimately, the natural ways of Victor combined with his comfortable and domestic upbringing had left him sheltered and timid. This reality made the culture shock of leaving home a lonely one. Another factor that contributed to Frankenstein’s isolation was his fixation on his learning and scientific endeavors. Victor agreed with the theory that â€Å"If the study to which you apply yourself has a tendency to weaken your affections, and to destroy your taste for those simple pleasures†¦ that study is certainly unlawful†¦ not benefitting the human mind (34). † However, this is precisely what his experiments do to him. Victor loses track of time, forgets all his simple pleasures, and neglects all of his other responsibilities. He no longer took time to appreciate nature or keep in touch with his family. He was so engrossed in his work that he said, â€Å"I grew alarmed at the wreck I perceived I had become†, bothered by â€Å"slow fevers and nerves to a most painful degree† (34). Frankenstein allowed his ever increasing desire for knowledge and progress to control all aspects of his life and isolate him from all the outer workings of his world. Even upon the success of all he had been working towards, his isolation grew even more extreme. At that point, he had not only become completely secluded to the instruments of his laboratory, but had created a terrifying creature he feared he would never escape. Victor had become blinded by his scientific curiosity and cut himself off from the world for the sake of accomplishing his goals. He found himself neck deep in worries, feeling utterly alone. Victor Frankenstein subjects himself to isolation throughout the novel. He allows himself, personally susceptible to self isolation, something to fixate on. It is this combination that leaves him missing his family and eventually void of a connection with the world beyond his laboratory. And, as previously stated, the ache of this isolation can do great injustices to the human brain, shoving towards his dismal destiny. How to cite Isolation in Frankenstein, Essay examples

Saturday, December 7, 2019

Advance Critical Writing Tax Exemption

Question: Should government grant 1 year tax free for the first time bussiness owners. Discuss? Answer: Introduction: The British government has been emphasizing the startup programmes in the upcoming years. This is initiated to pave the path for entrepreneurs as they want to get a foothold in the business world by participating in a wide variety of schemes and programmes. So when one becomes a small business owner, it is their responsibility to make tax payments which they didnt make during the time of their employment. The profits from any business activity create a center of attention for the tax payments. In this regard the type of the taxes relies on the nature of the business and the revenues of the business (Cordes, Ebel and Gravelle, 2005). Every business in the UK is liable to make either income tax payment or the Corporation tax payments on their net profits. If the business is a sole proprietorship or partnership then the net profits forms the taxable personal income through which income tax payments must be made. If the business is a registered company then the net profit becomes account able for corporation tax. There is also the Value Added Tax (VAT) on the sale of goods and services and also the National Insurance Contributions. It is also necessary to note that all those businesses that export or import from outside the European Union are also liable to pay duty. The focus of the essay is to argue whether the government should remove tax on the first business owners for the first year of their business operations. Should government grant 1 year tax free for the first time bussiness owners: It has been argued by Robert J. Gordon that the first time business owners or the entrepreneurs should be exempted from the taxation scheme at least for the first year of their business operations. This is because the small business startups already have a plenty of factors that they need to consider for their business operations for the first time. The first business owners have to lease space, establish connection with the suppliers, appoint workers and apply for different kinds of licenses and permits, so paying taxes above all these arrangements are unwelcomed and pose to be an unnecessary burden for the entrepreneurs (Fishkind and Kautz, 2001). So it is advisable for the government to waive tax for the first as the revenues tend to uncertain and low. Tax exemption is the monetary exemption which provides a relief from the taxable income. In this case, the type of tax exemption that is argued for is the removal of tax on a certain section of the society which is the first time bu siness owners. Adam Smith assumed that the numerous exemptions tend to suppress the efficiency of the consumption taxes. Smith also opposed the tax exemptions for specific regions and industries. The segregation of the business as a start up business and thus initiate a tax free environment for them is something that Smith has never followed. The theories of taxation by Smith followed the simple principle that the taxes must be levied for supporting the limited government and therefore the taxation system must satisfy equity, transparency, convenience and efficiency (News.heartland.org, 2015). Much has been changed due to the increase in the start up business and entrepreneurs in the UK. The startup business highly depends on the private investment so the government must make the commencement of business conducive for the investors. The investors fund ideas and restraint caused due to taxation may perish those ideas. Thus, it is suggest by the economists and the financial analysts that the first time business owners must operate in a tax free environment at least for the first year (Blazek, 2004). This system is evident from the Singapore tax exemption scheme. This type of exemption attempts to encourage the new business and provides a stimulus for the entrepreneurs within the commercial environment which are challenging in most of the times (Kim, 2014). According to the Internal Revenue Service, the underlying principle of this system is to ascertain that the people who dont have employers denying taxes for them are making payments for their fair share of taxes for the purpose of social security and medicare. Thus, the argument for tax payments might seem sensible f or the case of established business owners but for the startups the huge taxes does not make any sense (O'Connor and O'Connor, 2009). The new businesses have erratic cash flows and they are not able to predict their share of revenue after three months of their business operations. The more crucial problems lie in the fact that many business owners would be left with no cash after starting the business to make the estimated tax payments. The problem that occurs through the proposed tax system of the IRS is that they want the business owners to calculate their quarterly taxes on their entire yearly income and not on the quarterly income. This has been an erroneous method as some business may be subject to underpayment penalties and others may have overpaid (Poterba and Verdugo, 2011). The tax expert Keith Hall of the National Association for the Self Employed (NASE) depicted the quarterly payments to be the most misunderstood, illogical and complicated for the new business owners (Walker and Sipult, 2010). If the taxes are exempted for the first year of the new business then there will be an expected increase in the investment which will enable the startups to make increased investment in the recruitment of the skilled staffs which will facilitate growth in the business. Capital Gains Tax (CGT) for instance is regarded as an inefficient tax on the capital as it reduces the investment by locking up capital in less productive investments. The CGT ends up in channelizing the investments away from the risky assets like the startup business debts. But not all things are positive for the tax exemption there is certainly disadvantages for the government to implement tax exemption for the first time business owners. The formation of the tax exemption requires a lot of time and money for registration, keeping records and annual filings etc. this required for the new business to hire accountant and attorney for the execution and the completion of the process of tax exemption (Gumpert, Hines and Schnitzer, 2011). For a new business, it becomes quite expensive to execute this process. It must also be noted that the non-exempt organizations are often under public scrutiny which is quite troublesome for the first time business owners (Kaiser, 2012). Conclusion: The argument of the essay was about the tax exemption of the new business owners for the first year of their operation by the operation. Based on the discussions in favour of the tax exemption, it is argued that the government must incorporate a tax free business environment for the first time business owners which will encourage the entrepreneurs, increase the level of investment, increase the hiring of skilled staffs and all of these will drive the company and the business towards growth. This is evident from one of the startup business among the 21 new enterprises zones in the UK which relocates to any zone where they can qualify for the 100 per cent tax exemption for their business over a period of five years. The enterprise investment scheme provided income tax relief of 30-50 per cent for the investors who invest up to 200,000 into new business ventures. This scheme supports the entrepreneurs to acquire adequate traction in their business. Every country must realize the importa nce of this scheme so that they are able to encourage new business and foster growth in their economies. Thus, it is suggested that the government must permit tax free business operation for the first business owners for the first year of their business mainly due to the unpredictable, uncertain and erratic cash flows and revenues. References: Blazek, J. (2004).Tax planning and compliance for tax-exempt organizations. Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley Sons. Cordes, J., Ebel, R. and Gravelle, J. (2005).The encyclopedia of taxation tax policy. Washington, D.C.: Urban Institute Press. Fishkind, R. and Kautz, R. (2001).J.K. Lasser pro estate and business succession planning. New York: John Wiley. Gumpert, A., Hines, J. and Schnitzer, M. (2011).The use of tax havens in exemption regimes. Cambridge, Mass.: National Bureau of Economic Research. Kaiser, M. (2012). Modeling the horizontal well severance tax exemption in Louisiana.Energy, 40(1), pp.410-427. Kim, A. (2014).Exempt small business start-ups from quarterly tax filings. [online] Republic 3.0. Available at: https://republic3-0.com/exempt-small-business-startups-from-quarterly-tax-filings/ [Accessed 2 Aug. 2015]. News.heartland.org, (2015).Adam Smith on Taxes | Heartlander Magazine. [online] Available at: https://news.heartland.org/newspaper-article/2003/11/01/adam-smith-taxes [Accessed 2 Aug. 2015]. O'Connor, T. and O'Connor, T. (2009). Tax exemption as a marketing tool: The Irish Republic and profits derived from artistic creativity.Journal of Business Research, 62(10), pp.1002-1006. Poterba, J. and Verdugo, A. (2011). Portfolio Substitution and the Revenue Cost of the Federal Income Tax Exemption for State and Local Government Bonds.National Tax Journal, 64(2, Part 2), pp.591-613. Walker, M. and Sipult, L. (2010). Nonprofit Sales Tax Exemption: Where Do States Draw the Line?.Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 40(6), pp.1005-1019.

Friday, November 29, 2019

Plutarch free essay sample

Second, he made the penalty death to usurp any magistracy without the peoples consent; Thirdly, he encouraged the labors of the poor citizens to aid in their relief by taxing them less. These laws were welcomed by the people of Rome and did bring the liberty pursued by Poplicola. Plutarch ends his commentary on Poplicola by stating that he, so far as human life may be, had been full of all that is good and honorable. 6 Poplicola was the opposite of most Roman leaders, according to Plutarch, but not as great as Brutus, according to the people of Rome. Solon was a wise and honorable man who used his poetry to inform the people of Athens of political and moral matters. In the case of the war with the Megarians from Salamis, Plutarch praises Solon for his use of prose to change the mind of the Athenians and to go on and lead them to victory against the Megarians. We will write a custom essay sample on Plutarch or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page This victory leads to Solon taking part in many more battles and being able to introduce new laws to better the lives of the Athenians. These laws were the beginning of the path towards democracy. The first step that Solon takes is his repeal of Dracos laws, with the exception of the law concerning homicide. Next, Solon, separated the citizens into ranks, the first being the Pentacosiomedimni, second the Hippada Teluntes, third the Zeugitae, and everyone else Thetes. The first three ranks had prominence within society but Solon gave the Thetes the right to be Jurors in the assembly. This right urned out to be a greater source of power than had be originally thought, this gave the people the right to make Judgments on all, creating equality. Plutarch reveals the unjustness of Athenian society before Solons laws by showing how strong an effect those that are not injured try and punish the unjust as much as those that are. 7 Solon sought equality for the citizens of Athens. After Solon created these laws he left the Athenians so they could become accustomed to the new laws without harassing him everyday. During his leave he went and saw Croesus, the richest king of the know world. Plutarch uses Solons visitation with Croesus to highlight the wisdom of Solon; Solon being an exceptional Greek leader and man who should be imitated.

Monday, November 25, 2019

Course of Study for 6th Grade

Course of Study for 6th Grade Sixth grade is an eagerly-anticipated time of transition for most tweens. The middle school years can be both exciting and challenging. Sixth through 8th-grades often mean higher expectations and more responsibility for students academically. They can also be emotionally-challenging years as students reach adolescence. Language Arts A typical course of study in language arts for sixth grade includes components of reading, writing, grammar, spelling, and vocabulary. Students will read a variety of genres including fiction and non-fiction; biographies; poetry; and plays. They will also read more complex texts across the curriculum in subjects such as science and social studies.   Sixth-graders will learn to use techniques such as to cause and effect or compare and contrast  to analyze the plot, characters, and central theme of a  text. Writing shifts to more complex compositions regarding the content and length of time spent on assignments. Students may write long-term research papers or spend a week or more developing a more elaborate narrative. Writing assignments should also include expository and persuasive essays,  autobiographies, and letters. As more proficient writers, sixth-graders will learn to vary their sentence structure for more expressive writing and avoid using a passive voice.  They will use  tools such as a thesaurus to include more varied and descriptive vocabulary. Grammar also becomes more complex and should cover, identifying parts of speech such as direct and indirect objects; predicate adjective; and transitive and intransitive verbs. Students will begin to learn Greek and Latin roots to help them analyze and understand unfamiliar vocabulary.   Math Sixth-grade students have a solid grasp of foundational math skills and are ready to move on to more complex concepts and computations.   A typical course of study for 6th-grade math includes working with negative and rational numbers; ratios, proportion, and percent; reading, writing, and solving  equations with variables; and using the order of operations to solve problems. Students are introduced to statistical thinking using  mean, median, variability, and range. Geometry topics include finding the area, volume, and surface area of polygons such as triangles and quadrilaterals; and determining the diameter, radius, and  circumference of circles. Science In sixth grade, students continue to use the scientific method to increase their understanding of earth, physical, and life science topics.   Life science topics include the classification of living things; the human body; cell structure and function; sexual and asexual reproduction; genetics; microbes, algae, and fungi; and plant reproduction.   Physical science covers concepts such as sound, light, and heat; elements and compounds; electricity and its uses; electric and magnetic interaction; potential and kinetic energy; simple machines; inventions; and nuclear power. Earth science may cover topics such as climate and  weather; conservation;  space  and the universe; oceans, geology; and recycling. Social Studies The topics covered in social studies can vary widely in 6th grade, particularly with homeschooling families based on the curriculum they use and their homeschooling style. History topics may include ancient civilizations, such as the Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans. Some students may be covering the Middle Ages or Renaissance.   Other common topics for sixth grade include the U.S. government and Constitution; the presidential election process; types of governments; the Industrial Revolution;  and the rise of the United States as a political power. Geography often covers a detailed study of various regions or cultures, including the history, foods, customs; and religion of the area.   Art There is no typical  course of study for art in middle school. Instead, the general guideline is to allow students to experiment with a variety of art forms to discover what interests them. Students may enjoy performance arts such as drama or playing a musical instrument. Others may prefer visual arts such as painting, drawing, or photography. Textile arts, such as sewing, weaving, or knitting, may appeal to some 6th graders.  Ã‚   The study of art can also include art history or the study of famous artists or composers and their work. Technology Technology plays a huge role in modern society. By middle school, most students will have already had a great deal of experience with technology. However, sixth grade is an excellent time to make sure that students are proficient in areas of technology that they will use throughout high school. Students should be competent in their keyboarding skills. They should be familiar with common applications such as those used to produce text documents and spreadsheets.   Students must also understand and follow safety guidelines when using the internet and know how to adhere to fair use rules and obey copyright laws.

Friday, November 22, 2019

Globalising a new enterprice Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Globalising a new enterprice - Essay Example This paper would therefore address the issue from a heterogeneous point of intervention. This means that not only would the strategies needed for making the company go global be looked at but then interventions and models for rescuing the company from further decline in profit will also be reviewed. Of course when the company gains a good capital resource stand, employee retention would no longer become a problem for it. Global Business Expansion Procedure For the global business expansion to take place, there are a number of procedures to follow. First of these is what the International Expansion Organization (2010) describe as development strategy. As much as authors begin their publications with manuscripts and constructors complete their facilities with architectural plans, it is important that any company seeking to go global have well researched and expert driven strategies in place. Specifically, the International Expansion Organization admonishes businesses â€Å"to identify international expansion as a business development strategy to be based on sound business research.† This means that preparation of strategic plan to lead the company into the start of its global venture should be based on detailed research. Through this research, which is referred to in some quarters as feasibility studies, the company should be in a position to decide on a number of issues including the following: 1. Project Scope: the scope should define the areas of the company that will be affected by the expansion project and should include participants as well as end users who will be affected by the global expansion. 2. Current Analysis: This analysis should explain the current mode of expansion implementation. That is, there should be a roadmap on the implementation process. 3. Requirements: The feasibility study must state all resources that will be required to undertake the expansion. These requirements should include both financial and non-financial resources. 4. A pproach: The approach for takeoff and implementation should be clearly stated in the plan. Without such an approach, the project will be haphazard. 5. Evaluation: It should be stated clearly, how the company is going to evaluate its progress performance. The evaluation should not only be internalized but should employ the services of external peer reviewers. After all these processes are followed in the strategic plan, the company will be ready to make other moves. The second stage of the global expansion plan should be correction of internal management loopholes. This is to say that there should be management strategies that ensure that the basic crises of the company such as employee turnover and profit retardation are corrected. This stage is very much needed to make the image of the company lucrative to the international market when it finally moves. As ways of maximizing local profits, the following are suggested: 1. Internal Cost Reduction Strategy: Management should be bold o n taking decisions that will help in cutting down on internal cost spending in the company. For example in the allocation of funds in the company’s budget, sacrifices should be made to ensure that much capital is directed to profit generation sectors rather than human resource wellbeing programs. The challenge with this strategy will be that committed workers would not want to stay but there will be an eventual

Wednesday, November 20, 2019

Women Rights Denial by Governments and Individuals Essay

Women Rights Denial by Governments and Individuals - Essay Example he Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) was adopted by the General Assembly in 1979 by votes of 130 to none, with 10 abstentions At the special ceremony that took place at the Copenhagen Conference on 17 July 1980, 64 States signed the Convention and two States submitted their instruments of ratification. On 3 September 1981, 30 days after the twentieth member- State had ratified it, the Convention entered into force - faster than any previous human rights convention had done - thus bringing to a climax United Nations efforts to codify comprehensively international legal standards for women. [1] Its content is divided into four parts. The first part deals with the concept of human rights. It presents the evolution and expansion of this concept and its philosophical formulations and theoretical reflection on the nature and sources of human rights. International standards in the next two parts are grouped, first, from the point of view of categories of human rights: civil, political, economic, social and cultural, and then in relation to the protection of certain categories of vulnerable persons (women, children, minorities, indigenous people and migrant workers). [2] There has been a growing realization that the definition of "human rights" needs to be revised to fully include "women's rights" in it. The International Women's Conference in Beijing in 1995, was another landmark achievement in this direction. After much dispute and heated debate, the final program of action stated, "While the significance of national and religious particularities in various historical, cultural, and religious systems must be kept in mind, it is the duty of states regardless of their political, economic, and cultural systems to protect and promote all human... This essay describes the feminism and the fight for women's rights as an epic saga that is still happening today. Whatever success has been achieved has been purely by dint of perseverance on part of the feminists. The researcher gives his opinion on the topic and states that it is unfortunate that, at times, governments and individuals fail to acknowledge these rights, even in 21st century. In fact it has been justly argued that resolutions against whaling were passed more quickly and unanimously than resolutions for women’s rights. The researcher mentiones that feminists’ efforts to introduce a homogenous standard may be admirable, but may also be misplaced. It is a matter of debate that rights in one culture may be taken as oppression in another culture today. For example, even wearing a scarf is considered a religious obligation and a feminine trait in Muslim society but is considered persecution in Western society. Similarly wearing a skimpy bikini on the beach may give rise to a furor even in â€Å"conservative† Catholic communities. The invasion of â€Å"multiculturism†, that was described in the essay is also a force to contend with. To conclude, the researcher explores that many countries allow different communities living there to preserve their culture today. In such a situation present homogeneity may itself be an infringement on the cultural freedom of that community. A more pragmatic approach is required today when dealing with issues related to different cultures and religions.

Monday, November 18, 2019

HR and Leadership (new) Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 words

HR and Leadership (new) - Essay Example ather than decision making. For HR to be leading the department should employ effective strategy and solution to resourcing and ensuring there is talent planning and development, service delivery is at its best with well-coordinated systems of communication which involves employee engagement and relations. Thus leading HR should be determined in performance and must reward employees on good work done. Above all the human resource management should be of credible personality, driven to deliver, decisive thinkers, role model and should have courage to challenge actions in the organization. Organization is important to ensure delivery of services and attainment of objectives if structural changes are effectively managed (Woodrow, 2012). Organizational structure of any firms matters a lot as if it’s well organized it will be easy to effect changes because the values , believes and attitudes set by an organization so there is well spelt out procedure on how everything is coordinate d in the organization including , communication systems and responds to the environment. Strategic human resource management relies mostly on resource based view of the firm which suggests human resource practices leads to high performance and sustained in competitive environment. Top management should ensure high technology is employed in firms to enable HR practices build up mentoring, give incentives to performing workers and also enable performance appraisal which encourages development of working relationship (Collins&Clark, 2003). HRM and worker performance Human resource development can be achieved be ensuring you hire only qualified individuals with potential of learning and adapting to changes and training them to increase their performance and increasing knowledge assets in the organization. Human resource management creates value and increases firm’s performance and also increases interactions between employees and customers which in turn shapes customers perspecti ve of the quality of service they obtain from the firm. If the employee put time and effort in satisfying customers’ needs this increases customers buying behavior and trust in the firms products hence the firm is able to maintain existing customers and all gain new ones as customer experience ultimately attracts new clients. Commitment of human resource department, impact the willingness of employee to satisfy customer’s needs and the general performance of the firm (McClean, 2009). HR departments have being viewed as the greatest assets in any organization and are actively involved in selection , training and ensuring changes are implemented to increase the performance of the firm is competitive in the current environment which translates to good results both financially and product wise . HR department must comply with the organizations objectives in order to ensure that any changes they impose are compatible with the client’s needs. Before any change is prop osed should be wide consultation among top management to ensure it’

Saturday, November 16, 2019

Governments Role In Ensuring Environment Protection Environmental Sciences Essay

Governments Role In Ensuring Environment Protection Environmental Sciences Essay Wide spread on climate change and global warming has been immensely forced the nations to the sustainable development. Environmental challenges in various bio diversity in balances has been wide spread more over the world. Improper Land Use Planning and Bio diversity in balances to the Conservation of Micro ecosystems is challenging to whole nations. Sri Lankan challenges however have been land degradation due to Soil Erosion, depletion of Coastal Resources, Waste Disposal, Loss of Biodiversity and Inland water Pollution, from where Sri Lanka is poor on waste disposal as a matter of priority. Some LAs, NGOs, the private sector have initiated waste treatment practices such as composting of waste at household level, recycling of waste materials, incineration and landfills. International conventions protocols treaties on environment has been keeping strength to conservation prevention of the environment. Role of government as the policy maker is crucial in the context of conservation prevention of the environment. In Sri Lanka post conflict era has been the Elysium for the sustainable development. Various naming programs authority bodies urge to impose policies practices on conservation prevention of the environment. While laws policies imposed, Sri Lankan government is boosted on all the blooming programs.. However common conflicts on human nature issues still and prevailing situation in most of the rural areas. Also government should consider on the international bodies come in the face of nature lover whether they have the genuine interest or other motives Most importantly, the government should be very careful whether it would affect the sovereignty of the country. Many more responsibilities to be taken and practices to be monitored by the Sri Lankan government to ensure conservation and protection of the environment. Introduction Environmental conservation is the maintenance of the habitat, or preservation of the environment. Environmental protection is a practice of protecting the environment, on individual, organizational or governmental level, for the benefit of the natural environment and (or) humans. Due to the pressures of population and our technology the biophysical environment is being degraded, sometimes permanently. This has been recognized and governments began placing restraints on activities that caused environmental degradation Global warming climate change is in a whistle blowing topic in the present world. By decades passed by all the high powering technological movement has vastly blind the human nature and the future resources remain in the world. While men stepping in to the moon by one hand on the other hand vastly destructing the natural environmental balance. Though all the regulation bodies trying to get into the one table to get on unite on the conservation protection of environment, some the main world hasnt been able to pull their genuine effort towards the reality, as an example British petroleum oil leakage is a significant moment where invaluable marine species has been polluted destroyed due to the oil leakage. Increasing human pressure on the environment increases the counteraction the quest for designation of more land and sea areas for protection. The boosting trend of designating more sites of protection has been noticed in the last years in the world. The area that could be designated as protected to balance the economic pressures is becoming scarce. Identified key challenges in this sector have been mainly broad down as follows. Environmental Challenges Today the challenges in this sector have been identified materialize in all ends through out the world. Therefore number of environmental threats challenges is on the air Improper Land Use Planning Inappropriate planning of usage of Land Depreciation of Forest Cover (Deforestation) Reduction of remaining forests Land Deprivation ( Soil Erosion, River Sedimentation; Desertification,) Insufficiency of Drinking Water to the humans Environmental Pollution (Air, Water Soil ) Loss of Biodiversity ( Degradation and loss of Natural Habitats ) Ozone Layer Reduction Green House Gas Emission and Climate Change Natural Disasters and Earth Slides Lack of Responsibility towards Values Accounting of Environment Increasing risk to rare species Unsound Management of Natural Resources Unsustainable Development Activities (Unsuitable Agriculture Expansion and Settlements) Misuse of sea coral reef and inland earth mining. Uncontrolled Mining of Sand and other Minerals Spread of Alien/ insidious Species Introduction of Genetically Modified Organisms Hard, unsafe and Industrial Waste generation Health Hazards Related to Environment Pollution. Wildlife reduction In the context of the above unbeatable challenges human beings have been more more victims of the nature. As an example Tsunami 2004, damaged mostly South Asian countries. Therefore it should be the one and only challenge where all nations fight for. From from the Eighteenth century to the Twentieth globally known practices regulations have been imposed. International conventions, protocols treaties on environments have been powering bodies of this. International Conventions, Protocols Treaties on Environment Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially As Waterfowl Habitat (]971) Convention concerning the protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage (1972) Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna and Flora (1973) Convention on the conservation Of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS 1979) United Nations Convention on The Law Of the Sea Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer (1985) Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer (1987) Basel Convention on the Control of Trans boundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal (1989) Convention on Biological Diversity (1992) United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (1992) United Nations Convention To Combat Desertification in Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought And / Or Desertification, particularly In Africa (1994) International Plant Protection Convention International Convention for the Preservation of Pollution of the Sea by Oil Convention on the Continental Shelf Convention on the high seas International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil pollution Damage International Convention Relating to intervention on the high seas in cases of oil pollutions casualties The International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from the ships (MARPOL)- 1973 Bio safety Protocol ( Cartagena) Stockholm convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) Key Challenges for Sri Lanka Land Deprivation Due to Soil Erosion Agriculture the major contributor to the Sri Lankan GDP is affected by the degradation of land due to soil. From the total lands usable Land area is about 31% only . Production based on Land to GDP has declined to 18% compared to 26% in 1978, due to expand action of the economy. Many agricultural practices of past and present have reduced the productive capacity of soil and land in the country. Some direct and indirect factors, that add to soil erosion, are : Traditional cultivation Methods ( Chena cultivation) Insecure land occupancy with alteration of cultivation methods also causes ruin of land because land is broken down to number of plots without considering the conservation measures. The increasing rate of clearing forestry cover. Some of the crops cultivation in the hill country such as potatoes, tobacco and vegetables has led to severe erosion. Fast developments on infrastructure. Reduction of Coastal Resources Sri Lankan beaches are blessed by coastal resources where ecological processes of both land and maritime environments become interlinked and are influenced by human activities. Minus impacts on the coastal resources include: Erosion of coastal area (about 1 meter per year) due to river daming, sand mining, collection of coral rubble and removal of coastal vegetation) Reduction of flood buffering capacity of mangroves, in lagoons. Removal f coral reefs as a result of human activities and increased sea temperature. Unplanned fishing practices. Infrastructure construction. Loss of Biodiversity Loss of biodiversity is due to several pressures arising from the following activities: Population increase and conversion to other land uses Removal of materials/species from the wild Competition between foreign species and native species Lack of understanding of scientific management Under-valuation of biodiversity Inequity in ownership, in balance distribution of benefits to community Legal and institutional systems that promote activities detrimental to biodiversity conservation Environmental interlinking system known as Bio diversity is mainly reduced due to ruining of natural eco system, loss of genetic species material. Waste Disposal Number one conflict in Sri Lanka is today the waste management. Especially urban areas are flooded with waste. Lack of management of the authorizing bodies and also the human behavior and attitude towards the waste disposal is very poor in main city limits. This risk has cause major health issues where number of people has been killed by dengue recent months. Although many talks waste disposal is not only a governments duty. Government can implement policies formalize but the governing agencies has to over see the practical situations. Community has a major responsibility towards the solid disposals. Risk arises in the area where hospitals industries located. Governing agencies has major issue on lack of resources to overcome tones of waste mountain management. On the other hand during the rainy days urban areas are flooded within seconds due to poor waste management methods block of drainage system. This also causes pollution of ground water and natural habitats. Major issue is f acilitating insect breeding such as mosquitoes Inland water Pollution Misuse of agro chemical fertilizers has polluted inland water ponds, reservoirs, streams and rivers. Sri Lanka is proud on having man made reservoirs where most international engineers are surprised by the ancient technology we owned. Development in the industrial sites urban areas has caused water pollution in many ways. Recent International Conventions, Protocols Treaties on Environment Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer (1985) Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer (1987) Basel Convention on the Control of Trans boundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal (1989) Convention on Biological Diversity (1992) United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (1992) United Nations Convention To Combat Desertification in Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought And / Or Desertification, particularly In Africa (1994) International Plant Protection Convention International Convention for the Preservation of Pollution of the Sea by Oil Convention on the Continental Shelf Convention on the high seas International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil pollution Damage International Convention Relating to intervention on the high seas in cases of oil pollutions casualties The International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from the ships (MARPOL)- 1973 Bio safety Protocol ( Cartagena) Stockholm convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) Role of government By reasoning out the convention and protection of environmental issues it is the National governments who has important role in this context. Policy making to the powering agencies educating community many more activities lies on them.Internationaly most of the developing countries has imposed rules on clean environment. National government can impose rules policies while provincial authorities can practically implement the good environmental practices.International monitoring agencies also playing major role by funding environmentally sound projects. This has been the practice and it has been added to the accounting practices where feasibility reports are combine to a sustainability reporting. Environment protection is another important role where governments responsibility is to codify laws regarding pollution, convention and sustainable uses of natural resources. As the funding agent for low enforcement there role is immensely crucial. Though huge technical measures are been world spread on climate change global warming individual countries can contribute on their own to reduce the impact. Alternate energy generation projects are the new industrial practices which add numerous values to the enviromental issues. Now developing countries urge to buy carbon credits from poor countries where new economical intangible market has been created. This has lead to huge cash generation project, where timber plantation forestry cover of one acre would approximately generate US dollars 1000/ per year or so. Therefore ultimate governance lies on global interconnection of the countries. Developing risk management strategies are the other responsibility to a government where major natural disasters can be overcome by minimum damage to the community. Earth slides, floods, volcanoes, hurricanes other natural disasters can be estimated by professional bodies and necessary steps could be undertaken. As an example taking hurricanes : the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) The strongest hurricanes in the present climate may be upstaged by even more intense hurricanes over the next century as the earths climate is warmed by increasing levels of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.USA is harshly criticized by the nations on emission of green house gases in the atmosphere. Common example is USA failed to respond to the Katrina Hurricane wrought on New Orleans: poor management plan for the natural disaster also illustrates the risk management strategies are very poor. Considering Sri Lanka though there were many issues facing and transforming after Tsunami disaster is some what appealing to the western world. By proper strategies imposed on natural disaster Sri Lanka too can win this unbeatable challenges within few years. Though we are blessed with the tropical climate our responsibility towards the environment is not linear. As an example compare to other countries we have comprehensive legal system on coastal zone management laws alone, to safe guard coastal resources. But the appreciable improvement has not bought due to lack of political will on taking effective mechanisms required for implementing and monitoring such laws. Sustainable Way Forward On the challenges Sri Lanks is facing through out there have been various community programs social activities going forward. While been a friend to the environment nation can be build in economically viable too. In the context of these ideas following programs has been imposed by the ministry of Environment. Pilisaru Waste Management programme Piyakaru Purawara Green Cities Programme Ran Derana Programme Gaja Mithuro Programme Wana Senasuna Programme Haritha Gammana Eco Village Programme Jeewa Jawaya Programme Dewa Jawaya Programme Haritha Niyamu Programme Hela Thuru Viyana Programme Major Policies Developed by the Ministry While urging towards the programs Sri Lankan government has imposed practical national policies aiming sustainability National Environment Policy 2003 This aims to promote sound management of Sri Lankas environment balancing the needs for social and economic development and environment reliability. It also aims to manage the environment by combining together the activities, interests and perspectives of stakeholders and to assure environmental accountability. National Forestry Policy 1995 This gives the clear direction to protect remaining natural forests of the country in order to conserve biodiversity, soil and water resources. The forests under the law enforcement of the Forest Department is being reclassified and placed under four management systems ranging from strict conservation, non-extractive use, management of multiple use forests for sustainable production of wood and management of forests with community participation. The National Policy on Wild Life Conservation 2000 The policy urge the commitment of the government to conserve wildlife resources through promoting conservation, maintaining ecological processes and life sustaining systems, managing genetic diversity and ensuring sustainable utilization and sharing of equitable benefits arising from biodiversity. It emphasis the need for effective protected area management with the participation of local communities. National Air Quality Management Policy 2000 The purpose of this policy is to maintain good air quality to reduce morbidity due to air pollution and in turn reduce national health expenditures. National Watershed Management Policy 2004 Policy aims to conserve, protect, rehabilitate, sustainably use and man ­age the watersheds while managing their environment characteristics with the involvement of people. Cleaner Production Policy 2004 The objective of this policy is to incorporate the cleaner production concept and practices into all development sectors of the country. To implement the policy sectoral policies were developed for health and tourism in collaboration with the Ministry of Health and Ministry of Tourism. National Biosafety Policy 2005 The policy on biosafety set the overall framework in which adequate safety measures will be developed and put into force to minimize possible risks to human health and the environment while extracting maximum benifits from any potential that modern bio technology may offer. National Air Quality Management Policy 2000 The purpose of this policy is to maintain good air quality to reduce morbidity due to air pollution and in turn reduce national health expenditures. National Policy on Wetlands 2005 This policy seeks to give effect to National Environment Policy and other relevant national policies, while respecting national commitments towards relevant international conventions, protocols, treaties and agreements to which Sri Lanka is a party. National Policy on Sand as a Resource for the Construction Industry 2006 This policy statement reflects Sri Lankas constitutional, international and national obligations, including the Mines and Minerals Act No. 33 of 1992, the National Environmental Act of 1980, the Coast Conservation Act of 1981 and other relevant legislation, regulations and policy statements. This dignifies the effectively manage sand resource on the construction and keeping a better reserve for future generations. National Policy on Elephant Conservation 2006 Widely knowing conflict of elephants enforced the government to implement this policy. This natural creature interconnected with Sri Lankas history, culture, religions, and even politics that it would be difficult to imagine the island without it. Therefore the present policy was developed to ensure the long-term survival of the elephant in the wild in Sri Lanka through the easing of the human-elephant conflict. National Policy on Solid Waste Management To handle the serious issue of solid waste management ministry recognized the need for a national approach to handle this. Therefore National policy on Solid Waste Management has been prepared to ensure economically feasible environmentally sound solid waste management for the country through provincial and local authorities. This policy focuses on areas to ensure environmental accountability and social responsibility of all waste generators, waste managers and service providers, to actively involve individuals and all institutions for sound solid waste management practices, to maximize resource recovery with a view to minimize the amount of waste for disposal and to minimize adverse environmental impacts due to waste disposal to ensure health and well being of the people and on ecosystems. Sri Lankan Implementing Agencies Department of Forest Conservation The Forest Department (FD) was established in 1887. Over the years many initiatives have been taken to minimize the rate of deforestation by effective application of the provisions in the Forest Ordinance. Department of Wildlife Conservation The Department of Wildlife Conservation (DWLC) was established in 1949 and entrusted with the overall conservation of fauna and flora of the country and the maintenance of its diversity. Central Environmental Authority The Central Environmental Authority (CEA) was established in August 1981 under the provisions of the National Environmental Act No. 47 of 1980, which was later amended in 1988 and 2000. Marine Pollution Prevention Authority Marine Pollution Prevention Authority contribute to protect the marine environment from ship based and shore based maritime related activity, to comply with International and national obligations by promulgation of laws and regulations. Geological Survey and Mines Bureau (GSMB) Geological Survey and Mines Bureau (GSMB) was established in 1993. It is mainly involved in promoting the conservation and management of the mineral resources of the country. It seeks to ensure that the mineral potential is realized for the benefit of the country and the minerals are extracted in an efficient, safe and environmentally sound way. State Timber Corporation The State Timber Corporation was incorporated in 1968 under the provisions of State Industrial Corporation Act No. 49 of 1957 for the purpose of extracting timber from the forests, conversion of such timber into sawn timber and finished products, sale of logs, construction of forest roads, operation of timber and firewood sales depots, and manufacture and marketing of any by-products from timber. Sri Lanka Wildlife Trust (WT) The Wildlife Trust of Sri Lanka (WT) is registered as a charitable Trust, in 1991 under the Trust Ordinance No. 1552 and the Code of Intellectual Property Act No. 52 of 1979. Conclusion While laws policies imposed, Sri Lankan government is boosted on all the blooming programs. However common conflicts on human nature issues still and prevailing situation in most of the rural areas. What we can think after all the authorites acts imposed? Some of the other issues created by the Convention Protection of Natural forests in Sri Lanka due to poor fund requirements. Therefore government should please the international bodies agencies to gain aid for the environmentally sound projects. Normally it is a norm that Sri Lankan government will not enforce forest conservation if it didnt come under a condition of a grant. But Non government agencies also impact some of our natural genetic resources by way of many projects developments. Some countries are strict on most of there genetic materials and keep the biodiversity sites under military support. As an example The killing of two Indonesian tribals who tried to enter to COMODO National Park is a popular story to show how they treat the people in biologically valuable sites. But some of the their approach of removing people from the forest and buffer zones are not an applicable option for Sri Lanka. In they recent past it has been noticeable while the laws regulations there people will act on the same manner where there need filled. Governement t therefore can be a practical partner in all ends take part on the conservation protection the environment where immensely keep pressure on the authoriting agencies to inject the attitude to the people. As a country we have to have policies and laws to protect the alienation of forest resources to stop pirating the genetic material, plant serum, plant species or the traditional knowledge. Therefore government should ensure above main objectives before entering into any agreement. Sri Lanka has many more way towards a clean nation. By overcoming spreading challenges on environments Sri Lanka is no sooner be the South Asian Miracle.

Wednesday, November 13, 2019

Directors Notes Act 3 Scene 5 of Romeo and Juliet :: Romeo and Juliet Shakespeare Theatre Essays

Directors Notes Act 3 Scene 5 of Romeo and Juliet Following our breif meeting yesterday, I thought you may apreciate some extra information about Act 3 Scene 5. I belive you are still unsure on some of the lines so I hope you will find the following instructions helpful. Firstly it may help if I explain how this scene fits into the play as a whole. This is an important scene as it shows Juliet's relationship with her father, her father's status in the play and Juliet's views on how she is treated as a child in the sixteenth century. Before this scene happens Tybalt a member of the Capulet family is killed by a Montague, this causes a lot of stress in the Capulet household and when Capulet enters Juliet's room he notices that she is crying, Capulet thinks this is because of Tybalt being killed but the audience will know that this is because of your marriage to Paris. After this scene there will be a great deal of tension between you and Capulet. I feel this scene is very important as it shows the deterioration of Juliet and Capulet's relationship. I think that Shakespeare included this scene in the play because if it is acted correctly then it will have a huge impact on the audience. The stage will be quite simmilar to the sixteenth century stage, it will just be updated for recent technology, it will have the same basic structure including the two pillars in the middle of the stage, also the audience will still be sitting around the outside of the stage. The ceiling will not be the same ornate celing, it will be very plain as this is where the lighting and special effects will come from, also the ceiling will be higher as this way it will not be noticed as part of the scenery. The back of the stage will still have the stairway in the centre but the surroundings will be plain and more modern. I have chosen this setting for the play as I feel the role of Capulet will be stronger in a modern day setting. This will be because a modern day audience will think that the way Capulet treats Juliet and Lady Capulet is not fair and I feel this will have a huge impact on the play as a whole. As Capulet enters the room this will be a great entrance as he needs to be seen with great power, so there will be a loud slamming of a door as he enters and walks towards you. Capulet needs to be noticed

Monday, November 11, 2019

Global Consumer Product

Bibliography Executive Summary Global Consumer Products Company, a well-established company decided to launch a new product range. That is Baby Soap ranges. Suddenly they identified a need of a Brand Manager for this product ranges. And decided to recruit a person externally. Since this was not pre-planned and the company is in a hurry to introduce their new product to the market, the recruitment and selection process was carried out within a very period of time.There were several major mistakes in the advertisement they repaper in order to publish on the newspaper. The company had failed to include the Job Description, Job Specification and a description about the company. Hence the advertisement was unable to attract enough number of candidates. Somehow they managed to select number of people to call for the initial interview. Marketing Manager and the HRS Manager were supposed to carry out this interview. But this was placed on the exact date on which the company had its monthly B oard meeting.Since it is mandatory for these two responsible managers to attend to that the interview was done hurriedly and selected two candidates for the last interview. As the CEO and the Marketing director had to participate in an exhibition through which their target was to create new customers for their new product, they are hoping to launch in the near future, the last interview took place but late. Mr.. Anton was selected as the Brand Manager. In the first week he was supposed to give an induction to make him familiar with the company and the Job. But he had to involve in the business activities from first day onwards.He was asked to come up with a strategic plan for branding no sooner he came. He didn't have proper knowledge and kills and also didn't have time to study the branding architecture of the new products. So the branding strategy and the action plan he brought was not successful when compared with the rival firms. And the product proved to be a failure from the v ery beginning. Mr.. Anton understood that his level of competency and technical knowledge was under the required level and hence he was denominated. Since the company target couldn't be achieved whole branding group was denominated. As a result Mr..Matron's probationary period was extended. That is the overall summary of the case study to be analyzed. Analysis: Issues involved in the case. Global Consumer Products Company (GAP), had planned a strategy to launch a new product range. (Baby Soap Ranges). Planning a new product is a long term procedure. Hence identifying the Manpower requirement in order to carry out the plan must be done along with the product planning. Because it is a part of the product launch. Failure to do so resulted in several issues including product being failed in the market. Key issues identified are discussed below. 1.Poor HRS Planning The key reason for all the issues discussed here is poor HRS planning. The GAP Company failed to identify the HRS requiremen t for the post of Band Manager, when they were planning the new product. This post can be considered a critical post, to which selecting a person is very difficult. Because, they are going to introduce a new product, I. E. Baby soap range to the market. In Sir Lankan context, the market for the baby soap is almost saturated with both local and imported baby soap products. Mostly the brands are now inculcated in customers and hence it is difficult to creep into this market and create an own brand.But knowing that, still deciding upon to launch this product, company is taking a huge risk. They need ample of marketing campaigns and plans and ways of making the brand familiar to the customers and create a new customer segment. It is, the brand manager who has the responsibility to work it out. Therefore company should recruit a person with vast experience and knowledge regarding Marketing and Branding of products. The study states that Mr.. Anton does not have the required level of expe rience and competencies to do it. But this was found out later.Required Brand Manager must have to have the enough competencies and skills plus a good understating about the industry and the monitors in order to create a very strong branding strategy to grab the market. He must have the talent to create a brand strategy which makes the product popular among the target customer segment. Since the company was in a rush to hire a Brand Manager within very short period of time, they didn't have enough time to create a suitable Job Description and a Job Specification to publish in the newspaper. Job Description describes the Job.The responsibilities, duties assigned to the Job, etc. Whereas Job Specification the type of person you wish to hire. His qualifications, skills knowledge and, competencies. Etc. This is yet again, another adverse result of poor HRS Planning. 2. Mistakes in the Advertisement The company was in such a hurry to hire a Brand Manager; they didn't give much of an atte ntion to create a professional attractive advertisement. The advertisement appeared on the newspaper was suffering from absence of several vital information such as Job Description, Job Specification and details about the company.After Effects: The company was failed to attract enough number of candidates. The cost incurred in the advertising was in vain, because the company made a wrong selection ultimately. Most suitable candidates have not applied for the post because of the lack of information provided. Study clearly says that because of the careless mistakes done by the company when doing the advertisement, their expectation on getting a pool of candidates was not fulfilled. Only very few applied, and among them there wasn't a single C.V. that will fit into the Job well.Since they have incurred a cost, and it is and extra cost plus a time consuming process to correct the mistakes and advertise again and get another round of C.v., they have decided to proceed further with the re ceived C.v.. 3. Mistakes and Failures in the Interview Process Marketing Manager and the HRS Manager once shortlist the available C.v. and called for interviews. Another mistake they did was, without checking the company's schedule, they placed the date of the interview.As a result they have scheduled the interviews on the exact date of monthly Board meeting was supposed to take place. Initial interview is the first time the candidates and employers met physically. Hence the interview should be well organized properly planned and should be done with a greater care. Because, we have to select a person who has the skills, knowledge, experience, and also the right attitude towards the Job and the company. Each and every candidate should be given same attention and same questions and evaluated on a fair manner.Since both the interviewers were in hurry to participate in the monthly Board meeting, which also has a similar importance, there is a question whether they did the interview acco rdingly. They were under a pressure to finish off the interview as soon as possible to present at the meeting. Questions arising with regard to this improper interview session: Were all the candidates given same time eroded? Were all the candidates asked same questions and in the same sequence? Were the candidates given enough time to describe themselves and give information?Were candidates being questioned stressing on the subject matter? (I. E. Were they asked questions relating to the post of Brand Manager, so as to get an idea regarding whether he/she has the capacity to work as the brand manager) Were candidates given time to ask questions about the company and the Job post? (Since the advertisement doesn't provide information enough, candidates must have questions ND doubts to clarify) Did interviewers pay attention on the candidates' behavior, non-verbal communication etc? Interviewer should have a free mind to interview people and observe them closely.They were in a hurry to go to the board meeting. Therefore they did the interview without paying much of an attention and interest. Still they managed to select 2 candidates for the final interview. They might have missed more competent candidates while they rush through the interview. 4. No Induction program Once a candidate is hired to any company, it is an essential aspect to give him/ her n induction program. Through that the new employee familiarizes to the company culture, and to the department he has to work plus introduce him to other employees with whom he/she has to work.Then he can get a better knowledge about the nature of the Job he has to perform, his peers, subordinates and superiors. In this case, GAP Company didn't give Mr.. Anton an induction to make him familiar with company's systems and processes. Instead he was directly put into his Job and was expected to work as there were lots of requests to the new product. At least he was not given knowledge about the new product range the compa ny is expecting to launch in the future, or the requests and demand placed on the product by the external parties. Even Mr.. Anton was not informed about the market company tried to create by visiting the exhibition.Correctly speaking Mr.. Anton should have been selected before the exhibition, so that he could have participated in it. Because, every decision was taken without his knowledge, and participation prior to his arrival. As the Brand Manager he must be a part of the decision making process as far as this new product is concerned. 5. Poor Performance of Mr.. Anton Mr.. Anton was not familiar with the systems and processes of the company. Also he does not have a good knowledge about the Job he has to perform, because as soon as he was employed, directly put into the Job.Then, with no time he was asked to develop a branding strategy for the new products range. Mr.. Anton faced a huge problem here. Because he did not have expected level of knowledge and experience in Strategic Management initiatives. He didn't have adequate time to study the Branding architecture of the new product. He has not exposed to such experience in his previous Job. He didn't have time to study the nature of competitors the company has to compete with, so that he could have created a Branding Strategy and an action plan to bring out their products.Therefore it is reasonable and natural that the strategy and action plan he created being failed. This made him understand that he is not suitable to this position. Especially he understood that he does not have the expected knowledge and experience to perform as the Brand Manager, Sometimes he had to listen to his subordinates when it comes to technical areas of the Job role. 6. Product fails in the market Ultimate result was the product range couldn't compete with the well establish rivals and it was at a failure. Branding team was not lead by a powerful manager, therefore in latter part hardly branding activity took place.Hence employ ees were denominated. They couldn't achieve the given targets. GAP lost the contacts the company managed to create in the beginning, and lost the market share. 7. Poor HRS practices in GAP All above issues created because of the poor HRS practices of the company. Even though it was not clearly mentioned in the text, the way they acted in recruiting Mr.. Anton implies that. HRS department has failed to fulfill certain duties and responsibilities placed on them. The whole process of recruiting, selecting and induction was not planned at all.HRS department had not planned for future HRS needs in the company. Didn't plan the Interview process properly. 1 . JDK and AS must be prepared carefully clearly mentioning the type of person and the nature of the Job he has to perform. 2. When advertising in public media, HRS division must be more responsible to make sure that every information is provided. 3. Scheduling the date of interview must be done without clashing with other programs n the company. Recruited employees must be given a proper induction. Evaluating the performance of the new employees.Had the HRS division done so the performance of Mr.. Anton as the Brand Manager, they could have identified the problem facing by Mr.. Anton. The issue could have been addressed earlier than this. Recommendations Mr.. Anton is employed as a permanent employee to this company, he cannot be terminate purely based on his poor performance. As the first step, company can arrange a proper training and development session for Mr.. Anton to give him an opportunity to enhance his knowledge on branding. It will help him to develop his technical competency required in his Job.Proper training will take some time for him to gain the expected level of skills and competencies, but still the company has to do it as there is no replacement and it was company's fault of providing insufficient information and recruiting the wring person. Another recommendation is to hire an external professi onal temporarily to develop a stronger strategy to relocate the product and reenter into the market freshly. This is costly option but still as the company has invested a huge amount on this new product and hence the opportunity cost is very high, company cannot discontinue the operations.And can make Mr.. Anton work under the hired external professional for some time. This will be an excellent on the Job training to him. When considering the situational factors, hiring an external professional to the company is a very good short term solution. The company can monitor the performance level of Mr.. Anton. If he shows improvements in the Job then the company can continue to keep him as the Brand Manager. The marketing team should implement some attractive and string marketing campaigns to reenter to the market. A very aggressive alternative is also is available.

Saturday, November 9, 2019

History Sba

Acknowledgement First I would like to thank god for giving me the strength and ability to complete this project. I would also like to extend my heartfelt gratitude to the following persons who have made the completion of this assignment possible. My Teacher, Mr. Harvey, for giving me this project as I have learnt many things about The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade, the effects it had on Africa and African arrival into the new world. My Bother, who helped me with the collection of data and My family and friends for the constant reminders and encouragement to remain committed to the task at hand. Table of ContentsTopics Page # Introduction iv The Negative And Postive Effects of The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade: 1 Negative Social Effects 2-3 Negative Economical Effects 4-5 Negative Political Effects 6-7Positive Effects 8 Conclusion 9 Bibliography 10 Appendices 11 Candidate’s Name: Toniqui Adams Candidate’s #: Centre #: School’s Name: Meadowbrook HighIntroduction Th is project will be about the Effects the Atlantic slave trade, also known as the Transatlantic slave trade had on Africa, this was the trade of African people supplied to the colonies of the New World that occurred in and around the Atlantic Ocean. It lasted from the 16th century to the 19th century. Most slaves were shipped from West Africa and Central Africa and taken to the New World . Generally slaves were obtained through coastal trading with Africans, though some were captured by European slave traders through raids and kidnapping and this led to the great period ofAfrican hardship, turmoil and the coming of Africans to the New World now known as North, Central and South America and the West Indies. The main aim of this project is to show whether the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade had more negative effects than positive effects on Africa. Negative Social Effects The trans-Atlantic had a lot of negative social effects as it led to the removal of millions of young men and women led to depopulation that stifled African creativity and production. It led to general feeling of insecurity in African societies as Africans ere afraid of being captured and then enslaved, which caused persons to abandon their homes and relocate to be secure from the threat of slave raids and some areas however encountered overpopulation as people sought safety and protection from the trade, in remote areas where the soil was not so good and they were unable to grow enough crops to feed themselves. Africa became a continent of violence, war, fear and famine. The men who remained or was left behind in Africa began to take on second and third wives, mostly to produce more children, a ready source for the slave market.As greed and insatiability for money grew, raising children became a business many women often had their children kidnapped and enslaved. Africa also lost more men than women in the slave trade and this caused the balance of society to be distorted. This eventually generated crucial environmental effects. The trade contributed to the diminishing of brotherhood and community spirit in African societies as Africans began to capture other Africans for money and European wealth, communities fell apart because of slave raids which destroyed villages and left some Africans dead and others homeless.It also led to the degrading of certain religious cultures, as they were warped to complete the needs of the slave trade. Kings, chiefs and rich merchants exploited the common people by bartering them to African traders and Europeans for guns, cloth and metal wears. (Appendix 1) According to J. D Fage â€Å"King Tegbesu of Dahomey made ? 250,00 a year by selling slaves in 1750, this was even more than an English duke’s income. † Families were also disrupted, they were left with orphans, families with single parents and in some cases some families did not survive slave raids. In addition they did not have the ccustomed support system as to help in provi ding security, health and community spirit. It also led to some Africans losing their culture and some lost their identity as they were brought to the New World (Appendix 2) and was exposed in learning the cultures of the Americas and the language and names used in the Americas this led to persons cutting their ties with their culture in Africa. The Slave Trade led to the Africans having low self-esteem because they were effectively turned into a commodity to facilitate the trade, that impacted the self image of the Africans despite heir enormous amount of talent, and resources that the continent and its people are endowed with. So most Africans today, see themselves as inferior to Europeans. Negative Economical Effects on Africa The Trans-Atlantic slave trade had crucial negative economical effects on Africa. It caused a downfall of Africa’s economy as it stifled technological advancement, and created a class of elite rulers and traders. It led to many of Africa’s coa stal areas being dependent on slavery and human merchandise as many of Africa’s coastal areas had been exchanging humans for merchandise for centuries.Their economies were geared to slave exporting, and they were dependent on the commodities they obtained for slaves. Ceasing the slave trade caused economic hardship, especially for groups who had no products to substitute for slave exports. It also led to a decline in agriculture, owing to the devastation of land during slave raids and wars, the capture of farmers, and the abandonment, by farmers, of in favour of slavery. The mining industry was also ruined and the economy dominated by slaving and imported manufactured goods from Europe. Imports like firearms which helped ncreased inter-tribal wars, led to Africa giving away a lot of their wealth buying British-made firearms (of very poor quality) and industrial-grade alcohol. The trade robbed Africa of skilled craftsmen and helped to ruin the livelihood of those craftsmen who remained, for example cloth, iron, pots and hoes, were imported goods made in European factories, which were cheaper than the locally produced ones, and were bought with slaves. The Trade Brought underdevelopment to Africa as they were trading all their wealth and skilled persons to the Europeans for simple European goods and not luxury goods.Hugh Thomas stated that â€Å"The shortage of blacks threatened the total ruin of the kingdom , for the black slave is the basis of the hacienda and the source of wealth which the realm produced. † The continent’s human resources were kidnapped, kept in dehumanizing Barracoons (appendix 3) and sold out to eager and willing buyers and were shipped in more barbaric and appalling conditions (Appendix 4) on the slave ships to the New World where most of them died or laboured perpetually to build the New World without due compensation and thus Africa was raped of future leaders, prospective uilders and this led to Africa setting back a lot of progress made by many African Societies. The trade led to an influx of interior European goods and this undermined local industries, especially salt-making, the manufacturers of cotton goods and metal- ware. It about a sense of insecurity that discouraged economic enterprises and it also led to some traditional art being inferior to those previously produced and thus Africa lost out on the creative art works because its standards became very low. Africa’s wealth began to drift and went to European countries and thus Africa became nderdeveloped and began to suffer an economical crisis. Negative Political Effects The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade had major negative political effects on Africa. It led to a rise of professional armies as big the influence the European imported guns had on Africa. This however, many wars and conflicts among Africans because the demand for slaves usually went hand in hand with the demand for guns. The slave trade caused political instability, weakened states, promoted political fragmentation and resulted in a deterioration of domestic legal institutions.In many cases the village chiefs had a say in the negative effects on Africa as most of them were corrupted and greedy for European wealth. The village leaders made laws and if disobeyed Africans would be punished by being sold into slavery to the Europeans. The political system was undermined and in addition the legal system was also undermined. This was because the feeling of Superiority the village chief felt with guns. This led to military skills in some areas becoming more important than the traditional political systems. States such as Benin , Oyo and Dahomey acquired the trength to expand and impose their authority upon their neighbours from the economic prosperity derived from the slave trade. The influence of the trade tended strongly towards the corruption of the judicial process, with law breakers being often sentenced to slavery for minor offences and the inn ocent declared guilty in order to augment the supply of slaves. Aggressive tribalism increased, and in some cases whole tribes and nations were virtually destroyed as a result. Slave trading built up the power of chiefs where it was already present, from a broadly representative character into an autocratic one.It also caused an emergency of a number of large and powerful kingdoms that relied on a militaristic culture of constant warfare to generate the great numbers of human captives required for the trade with the Europeans. Some kingdoms began to expand rapidly as a result of this commerce trading slaves for firearms. These kingdoms with their formidable army, aided by advanced iron technology, captured immense numbers of slaves that were profitably sold to traders. The aggressive pursuit of slaves through warfare and raiding led to the ascent of these kingdoms being a major slave exporter.Positive Effects In spite of being overwhelmingly detrimental to Africa the slave trade did have some positive effects. Social Effects It brought about into being a class of merchants and businessmen who were able to meet and deal with their counterparts on equal terms, and the entrepreneurial spirit of West Africans stimulated as a result. Economic Effects Agriculture production in the coastal areas received a boost, brought about by the demand for provisions for both the slave ships and the prisons in which the slaves were kept before being shipped. The crops grown included maize and cassava, Appendix 5) both of these had been introduced from the Americas by the slave trade, and both became staple crops of Africa. Political Effects. There were political benefits to Africa from the slave trade because some members of the African elite benefited from the trade. Some of them were directly involved in the trade and gained a lot of firearms and European wealth and thus making them wealthy in their villages . Conclusion The immense misery and suffering prod-Atlantic slave tra de cannot be measured. It was the greatest and most inhumane trade of this type the world has ver known, far worse than that of the Arab slave trade, or that carried on across the Sahara. It can be said that a few positive effects that Africa gained was only beneficial for slave traders, Europeans and village chiefs and was nothing compared to the turmoil and suffering that was bestowed on Africa. The rights that were deprived from the Africans, millions of lives were lost, families were torn apart and Africa was destroyed in all aspects. It breathed such new life into African slavery that by the beginning of the twentieth century there were still several million slaves to be found in Africa.The shortage of man power had a great economic impact and this helped to destroy Africa’s valuable economy. Africa was so ruined that the few positive effects could not heal Africa’s slavery scars and it is perhaps not too difficult to see a connection between Africa then and the u nder-development of present day Africa. Bibliography Claypole, W. and John Robottom, Caribbean Story, Book one: Longman Publishers, 1990 Hamilton-Willie, D. Lest You forget, Caribbean Economy and Slavery: Jamaica Publishing House Ltd, 2001. Greenwood, R. and Hamber, S, Amerindians to Africans: Macmillan Publishers Ltd, 2003J. D Fage , The History Of West Africa: Cambridge University Press Publishers, 1969. Hugh Thomas, The Slave Trade, The Story Of The Trans Atlantic Slave Trade, 1440-1870: Simon & Schuster Publishers Ltd, 1997. Websites: Africanhistory. about. com Antislavery. org Appendix 1 Osnaburg Cloth and Guns traded for slaves. Appendix 2 Slaves Conformed on the plantations wearing Osnaburg Clothes. Appendix 3 Slave Barracoon Appendix 4 Slaves chained aboard the ship in barbaric conditions. Appendix 5 Crops Gown on the coast to provide food for the slave ships (Cassava and Maize).